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Five Sleep Disorders You Should Know About

Madison Troxler July 8, 2016 0 comments 0

[su_dropcap style=”default” size=”3″ class=””]I[/su_dropcap]f you are having trouble sleeping, there may be treatments and techniques that can help. According to Sleep Med, there are 84 classifications of sleep disorders; however, this article will focus on the five most common.

Insomnia

Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder, affecting 20-40% of adults. Those with insomnia have difficulty falling and/or staying asleep. They may also awake feeling drained. Moreover, insomnia is most common among people with high levels of stress, or those with medical or mental health issues. Treatments recommended include counseling, meditation, and power naps during the day. Medication can be explored in more severe cases.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a breathing-related disorder that causes sufferers to wake up, because they cannot breathe. This disorder occurs when the airway is blocked by collapsed tissue in the throat, or when the tongue rests on the back of the throat. A common symptom of this disorder is snoring, which is caused by vibrations from the collapsed tissue as you try to breathe. Although they may not be consciously aware of this repeated wakefulness, sufferers constantly wake throughout the night. Feeling fatigued and low energy the next morning is common for those with sleep apnea. Using a CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure, can alleviate these symptoms.

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)

Restless leg syndrome is characterized by an uncomfortable sensation in the legs (and sometimes other extremities). Sufferers have an irresistible urge to constantly move their legs. According to EmpowHER, the condition causes an uncomfortable tingling sensation, worst at rest. Medications, meditation, and regular exercise can help prevent the symptoms of RLS.

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder causing uncontrollable daytime sleepiness.  This overwhelming drowsiness can occur at any moment, even while driving. According to Jody Smith, a writer at EmpowHer, “Narcolepsy comes with a number of unpleasant symptoms.” These symptoms can include “a sudden absence of muscle tone brought on by intense emotions, or laughter.” Other symptoms of narcolepsy include hallucinations and sleep paralysis. Sufferers of narcolepsy must seek treatment from a healthcare professional.

Sleep Terror Disorder

This disorder is exactly as it sounds: a terrifying dream paired with immediate wakefulness and fright. Those who suffer from this disorder will thrash about and scream after suddenly awakening. In addition, strugglers can become disoriented and wake up having no recollection of the night terror.  This disorder is often a symptom of other sleep disorders. Find the root cause before seeking treatment. .

If you are experiencing sleep disorder symptoms, consider first your sleep hygiene. Most likely meditation and being attentive to how you prepare for sleep can get your sleep health back on track. If quality sleep habits fail to show improvement, find counseling or seek a medical professional.

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